The Kathmandu Durbar Square, also known as Hanumandhoka Durbar Square, is a historic landmark in Kathmandu that was constructed in 1770. The UNESCO Cultural Site is not far from Jonchhe, a popular hippie hangout from the 1960s to the 1970s.The Durbar Square includes the old royal palaces of Kathmandu's Malla and Shah kings, Kumari Ghar, Taleju temple, Kalbhairav temple, the famous Hanuman Dhoka museum, and several other temples.
The entrance to the palace is guarded by a statue of Hanuman, which was built during the reign of Pratap Malla. The Palace is also named after the Hanuman statue, as "dhoka" means "gate.” The structure, which is covered in red cloth and has an umbrella over its head, dates from the 16th century. The Tribhuvan Museum, located in Kathmandu Durbar Square's Hanuman Dhoka Palace, commemorates the life of King Tribhuvan (1906-1955), who helped free the country from the Rana regime. Rare photographs and paintings of other Shah rulers are on display in the gallery. The late king's personal belongings, such as his bicycle, jeep and photographic equipment, including boxes of Kodak chemicals, are of particular interest. The gallery also includes photographs of the king's funeral. The Mahendra Museum sheds light on the late King Mahendra's life (1955-1972). His personal belongings, such as clothes, statutes, centuries-old artifacts, jewelry, ceremonial attire, and other items, the Hanuman Dhoka museum is a popular tourist destination. Both museums can be visited with a single ticket.