Chitwan is one of the most popular places in Nepal and the nearest to Kathmandu for wildlife experience. Chitwan National Park home to more than 50 mammal species, over 525 birds, and 55 amphibians and reptiles includes endangered fauna species like: one-horned rhinoceros, gaur, Royal Bengal tiger, wild elephant, four horned antelope, pangolin, golden monitor lizard, python, Bengal florican. lesser florican, giant hornbill, black stork, white stork, etc. The park is also home to leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, rhesus monkey, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, and many other smaller animals. Also found here are cobras, kraits and pythons.
The swampy areas and numerous oxbow lakes of Chitwan provide home for the marsh mugger crocodiles. In a stretch of the Narayani River are found one of the few remaining populations of the rare and endangered fish-only eating gharial, or Gangetic crocodile. Also found here is one of the world’s four species of freshwater dolphins. A typical 2-nights/3-days jungle safari includes wildlife safari, canoe ride to watch the crocodiles and water birds, rural tour to view the lifestyle of the indigenous Tharu people, and nature walks to see the exotic flora and fauna. Apart from the jungle safari, the Elephant Breeding Center and Gharial Crocodile Farm, where these animals and reptiles have been successfully bred and protected, are worth a visit.